German-Herero conflict of 1904–07

The Sam-Cohen-Library is a reference library in Swakopmund , Namibia and situated next to the former Otavi Bahnhof, or railway station, which was the west coast terminal of the narrow gauge railway line to the copper mine at Tsumeb in the north. The library, which initially started with only 5 books, today comprises some The library is a treasure chest for scholars, students and scientists alike. They grant visitors access to a unique collection of newspapers from to the present day. Also available is an extensive collection of historical photographs, maps and documents. The unique newspaper collection comprises 25 different titles. Most of the titles were in German, aiming to inform the German population in Southwestern Africa about the news from Namibia as well as from overseas and the home country. Image credit for the newspapers: Scientific Society Swakopmund.

Genocide: Namibia still waiting for a German apology

Lawyers for Herero and Nama people and for the German government present argument in lawsuit demanding reparations. An estimated , Ovaherero and Nama people were killed between and as a result of a mass extermination policy initiated by German colonial troops in South West Africa, currently known as Namibia , when the territory was a German colony. US District Judge Laura Taylor Swain on Tuesday presided over the one-hour hearing in New York, where a delegation of 50 Herero and Nama people from around the world joined the plaintiffs in attendance.

The key question under consideration was whether a US federal court has the jurisdiction to hear the case, brought by the indigenous people who seek compensation for their ancestors’ suffering. In order for there to be a firm basis for jurisdiction in the US under the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act, the Herero and Nama need to demonstrate that wealth derived from the property taken during the German colonial period has a direct link to commercial property in the US.

Kenneth McCallion, the plaintiffs’ lawyer, argued that a number of German properties in New York were purchased as a direct result of the wealth accrued from slave labour and expropriation of property during the genocide.

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These areas were constituted the first German colony under German protection on April 24, The German occupation subsequently extended inland. As a result of the Zanzibar Treaty between Germany and Great Britain, German South West Africa acquired the Caprivi Strip named after the German chancellor Graf Leo von Caprivi , a tract of land miles km long in the extreme northeast of the territory; the colony thus gained access to the Zambezi River. Major Theodor Leutwein, governor of the colony in —, suppressed insurrections of the Khoekhoe and of the Hereros In , however, the Hereros fomented a far more dangerous rebellion.

The German force, at first only strong and supported only by one artillery battery, had to face an army of some 8, men equipped with modern weapons. Reinforcements increased the German force, ultimately under the command of General Lothar von Trotha, and resulted in a decisive German victory on the Waterberg River.

Further Khoekhoe rebellions were put down in — In World War I —18 the German defense forces in the colony were forced to capitulate on July 9, , to South African forces numerically 10 times their superior. South West Africa remained under South African control until it attained independence in under the name of Namibia. German South West Africa.

Chronology for Europeans in Namibia

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Windhoek is twinned with Berlin and Bremen. There is also intensive exchange between church-affiliated groups, NGOs and academics. With around , German visitors to Namibia per year, tourism is becoming particularly important. A double taxation agreement and an investment promotion agreement have been in force since July and December respectively.

Bilateral development cooperation which amounts to one billion euros to date, the highest amount of German funding per capita in sub-Saharan Africa focuses on sustainable development, natural resource management, and the transport and logistics sector. It also includes measures for vocational training and university education. Just under million euros were pledged for and at the intergovernmental negotiations in September In the context of the International Climate Initiative ICI , the German Government also supports biodiversity and marine protection projects, as well as climate protection and adaptation projects.

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When Namibia formerly South West Africa secured its independence in , a neutral name with no historical connotations was chosen for the new nation. Its name was derived from the Namib Desert which extends over the entire coastal strip of Namibia. The country is almost two and a half times as large as Germany but has a population of only about 2.

After World War I and Germany’s defeat, the allied powers established the erstwhile Ger- man colony of South West Africa as a man- date under the supervision.

Over the weekend, Geoffrey York, the Africa correspondent for the Canadian Globe and Mail and apparently also the only correspondent for a major Canadian publication on the African continent wrote, from Namibia , about the current Herero struggle for land, dignity, and reparations. The — German genocide against the Herero is considered by many to have been the first genocide of the twentieth century , as such it serves as the gateway to the Modern Age.

As York, accurately , describes the situation, nothing much has changed:. In the bush and scrub of central Namibia, the descendants of the surviving Herero live in squalid shacks and tiny plots of land. Next door, the descendants of German settlers still own vast properties of 20, hectares or more. The Herero want their land back. They would prefer the State find a way, but if not, land invasions will do. That option is described as “a new kind of radicalism.

York ends his article with an old kind of European, and North American, representation, that of the tired old African woman:. A Herero grandmother named Gendrede Kavari lives on a small dusty plot of land on the edge of Okakarara.

Namibia: Herero women challenge German amnesia

Between , German military forces, called Schutztruppe , committed a genocide against indigenous people in their colony of German Southwest Africa present-day Namibia; hereafter, GSWA. The intent of these killings—which occurred through battle; through starvation and thirst in the Omaheke Desert; and through forced labor, malnutrition, sexual violence, medical experiments and disease in concentration camps—was to rid the colony of people viewed as expendable and thus gain access to their land.

This genocide, the first of the twentieth century, was a prelude to the Holocaust in both the ideology of racial hierarchy that justified the genocide and in the methods employed. While these numbers are difficult to confirm, this figure represents about 80 percent of the Herero people and 50 percent of the Nama people. Now, more than a hundred years after the genocide, the government of Namibia is seeking reparations from Germany for land stolen and lives lost. A significant portion of the most arable land in Namibia is still owned by descendants of the German settlers.

the Date of Maharero’s Death in , trans. Cyril G. Hall a stronger congregation in Namibia than did their German counterparts, the Rhenish. Mission.

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Historic German newspapers from Namibia

We use cookies to improve our service for you. You can find more information in our data protection declaration. Political relations have been tense lately, as several German politicians acknowledge, on visits to the country’s former colony in Africa, responsibility for the genocide. That is not enough for many Namibians.

From the Bloedkoppie there is a 4×4 trail of about 30 kilometers joining up with the C On this route there are two old German war graves dating back to

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How Is Germany ‘Insulting’ Namibia In Colonial Genocide Reparations Talks?

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German-Herero conflict of —07 , the conflict between the Herero people and German colonial troops in German South West Africa in and the ensuing events of the next few years that resulted in the deaths of about 75 percent of the Herero population, considered by most scholars to be genocide. The semiarid territory was more than twice as large as Germany, yet it had only a fraction of the population—approximately , people.

By some 3, Germans had settled in the colony, primarily on the central high grounds. The launch of this new settler society, albeit still small, disrupted the socioeconomic balance of the territory and resulted in conflict. Apart from overarching anticolonial concerns, the primary points of friction were access to scarce resources such as land, water, and cattle. The largest conflict involved the Herero nation, a mainly pastoral people who over the preceding decades had adopted various traits of modernity, including use of horses and guns.

The fighting began on Jan. It is still unclear who fired the first shots, but by noon that day Herero fighters had laid siege to the German fort. In the following weeks, fighting rippled out across the central high grounds. Seeking to gain control of the situation, Maharero issued specific rules of engagement that precluded violence against women and children.


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